Pear Cut Diamonds
The Pear cut or tear drop diamond is a timeless, vintage cut that represents an emotional bond or connection. Like a round cut diamond, it is a brilliant cut known for high sparkle. It is shaped like a teardrop and blends the best of round cut and marquise cut diamonds. Diamonds are often described as icy and flowing like water. The pear cut is a perfect representation of that concept. The pear cut diamond is long and can make a finger look thinner and longer. Pear cut diamonds can also be short or long with an optimal 1.50 ratio of length to width. Symmetry is a very important characteristic in pear shapes, more so than other fancy shapes. The wings should be rounded, even and aligned for maximum sparkle and beauty. Consider pear shapes with inclusions close to the point so that they are less visible.
Pear Cut Diamond History
The unusual shaped has caught on and today the pear cut diamond ring has many famous owners, including, Victoria Beckham and Katherine Heigl who both received pear diamond engagement rings. Perhaps the most famous actress and jewelry lover to own the pear cut diamond is Elizabeth Taylor. She was given a pear shaped 69.42 carat diamond engagement ring by famous actor Richard Burton. The pear cut diamond engagement ring is an outstanding piece of jewelry that will stand out. It is suited to a woman who is confident, stylish and not afraid to stand out. The pear cut can be used in other jewelry pieces such as as a necklace, in fact Elizabeth Taylor later had her pear cut diamond reset in a necklace.
Pear Cut Diamond Origins
An exquisite, radiant, pear shaped diamond is indeed a beauty to behold with its narrow pointed top and perfectly rounded bottom. This shape combines two of the most popular gemstone cuts, the marquise and the round brilliant cut. The pear cut diamond originated in Belgium by a polish gemstone polisher named Louis Van Berquem (Lodewyk) in 1458. He did this by using a diamond polishing wheel he invented which he called a scaif to cut the facets of the diamond. He is also credited with the technique of absolute symmetry in the facet placement on the gemstone to maximize their shine and brilliance. Lodewyk is also believed to be the creator of the stunning 137 carat Florentine Diamond created for one of the most influential families during that time, the Valois Family. The pear cut grew in popularity during the Renaissance period and other techniques grew from there.
Pear Cut Pricing
Pear cut diamonds, like other fancy shapes, are less expensive when compared to round cut diamonds. Round diamonds have greater rough diamond wastage. Because rough diamonds have odd, long shapes, pear cut diamonds are able to use more of the diamond rough. Pear diamonds do a good job of distribuitng carat weight in the length of the diamond, which allows the diamond to look larger than other shapes such as princess or cushion. Therefore, a 1.00 ct pear cut diamond will be about 8.5 x 5.5 mm versus a 1.00 ct round cut diamond, which will be about 6.4 mm. It is important to find well cut pear shapes that don’t have light leakage from bow tie effect. Bow tie is when light is not reflected as sparkle back from the center of the diamond. The light leakage makes it look like a black or dark bow tie in present in the diamond. Avoid diamonds with the bow tie affect as these are less than optimal diamond cuts. Pear cut diamonds are prone to the defect, the bow tie effect and uneven shaping or shoulders, this is when the stone appears too tall or tapered or too short and squat. The bow tie effect is a visible dark spot in the shape of a bow tie. These two defects are fairly obvious and can be observed with the naked eye. Learn more about diamond pricing.
Additionally, It is very important to examine a diamond’s length to width ratio when considering the shape. Pear diamonds with a ratio of 1.45 - 1.55 with be in the optimal ratio range. These possess the greatest premium in the pear cuts. Shorter or longer pear cut diamonds will look either a little fatter or slender and longer. This isn’t necessarily a bad thing, but merely a preference. It is affect the tear drop shape. Shorter pear diamonds will look smaller and slender, long length to width ratios will look larger.
Pear Diamond Guide
Below, please see the ideal table, depth and length to width ratio combinations for pear cuts. One additional important consideration when selecting a pear cut is the color. Pears tend to show color more than round diamonds. A G color cushion will look closer to an H color diamond. Consider one higher color grade with pear shapes, when compared to round shaped diamonds.
Depth % for Pear Diamonds
Very Good: 76%-52%
Table % of Pear Diamonds
Very Good: 68%-50%
Length to width Ratio for Pear Diamonds
Pear Diamond Size Chart
Pear cut diamonds have approximate millimeter sizes that correspond to certain carat weights. Please see a chart of the popular pear diamond sizes and their carat weights. For all sizes and shapes, please visit our diamond size chart page.